The newest related mode for the Syriac ‘s the pael couch potato participle, whose mode is actually mCaCCaC

The newest related mode for the Syriac ‘s the pael couch potato participle, whose mode is actually mCaCCaC

(12) In a number of NENA languages brand new preterite from Category II verbs enjoys an excellent vocalism (m)CoCiC- or (m)CuCiC- with no precursor in the previous languages. Noldeke (1868, 213) advised that the modern setting are connected with brand new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he grabbed it out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Variations with o otherwise u are missing exterior NENA and possess in several of your own NENA languages: Hertevin, Sanandaj Religious, and you may Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).

(13) The entire establish try noted by the a prefix in most NENA except Hertevin along with Mandaic and in Turoyo. New prefix takes certainly one of about three versions: (a) k- to the all verbs (state-of-the-art to c- inside the Urmi, extended to help you ko- in advance of consonants within the Turoyo, and in Zakho getting grams- ahead of a spoken phoneme); (b) k- however, only into a restricted family of verbs (with voicing absorption and regularly almost every other transform also); otherwise (c) i- to the most of the verbs.

Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and you will Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, personal correspondence); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we create say’, but doqIx-wa-le ‘we perform observe it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he eats, will eat’, however, sate ‘he beverages, will, may drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin i-zare:los angeles ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu we-napli baro ‘they pursue her’ (Fox 1992, 55).

The latest k- prefix seems to be a survival of your prefix qa- out of BT, such as the brand new common qatane ‘he teaches’. e ‘stands’. In some eastern dialects brand new shipment out-of k- might restricted to a tiny group of verbs (Garbell 1965, 65). In others, it has disappeared and you may become changed by a new prefix we-, hence probably started just like the a lower life expectancy types of we[Theta] ‘there is’.

Examples: Halabja geznawa ta knista ‘I goes toward the latest synagogue’, Aradhin tla t-sapri ‘to wait’, Jilu zIlli l-yawa zuze tla da kIcca ‘I decided to go to give currency so you can a girl’, Tisqopa [Theta]e:li ta di-mbaslan ‘I (fem

(14) The brand new verb ‘give’ is yehav inside the BT, and you can yav into the Syriac. It has been remade in all NENA languages from the incorporation of your own following l- ‘to’. New crucial, that was hav into the Syriac and you will BT, try hal (Noldeke 1868, 256) in every NENA whereby You will find recommendations, yet not when you look at the Turoyo otherwise Mandaic.

(15) In most NENA, new only one imperative from qyama ‘get up’ has lost its finally m: Aradhin qu (Krotkoff 1982, 145), Sanandaj Christian qu (Panoussi, 110). New plural, yet not, holds this new m.

(16) In most NENA, the brand new essential out of (i)zala ‘go’ is actually irregular: Aradhin au moment ou (Krotkoff 1982, 147), Sanandaj Religious state (Panoussi 119), Jilu se, Jewish Azerbaijani quand (Garbell 1965, 285).

(17) All over NENA, various conditions are used as ft having reflexive pronouns instance ‘myself’. He’s: ruh- inside the Hertevin and also in Turoyo, nos- about around three easternmost Jewish dialects, and you can gyan- muddy matches in the leftover dialects: Hertevin ruhan ‘ourselves’ (Jastrow 1988, 197), Zakho qtala gyane ‘beating himself’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1982, 181), Halabja nosan ‘ourselves’.

Which qa- was alone good contraction out-of qa?

(18) A different preposition meaning ‘to’ or ‘for’ which takes the shape ta, tla, otherwise tla try extensive, even though perhaps not universal, inside the NENA, however found in Mandaic or Turoyo. ) involved cook’ (Rubba, private telecommunications), Zakho cuxa los angeles psIxle darga facts ‘no one exposed the entranceway in order to him’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182).

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